“Another role these new right-wing outfits play is spreading propaganda like Love Jihad,” he added. Soon after the incident, multiple boards came up between Dhansura and Vadagam – a stretch of about eight kilometres – that read: “Hindu Rashtra ke Vadagam, Dhansura, Harsol aur Talod me apka swagat hai” (Welcome to Hindu Rashtra’s Vadagam, Harsol and Talod.). Several houses, vehicles and shops were damaged and set on fire. It took local police and the RAF about two hours to quell the mob. In November 2016, a minor incident of a Muslim autorickshaw driver colliding with the motorcycle of a person from the Ravar community in Pith Bazar area turned into a riot. It was the most deadly Hindu-Muslim violence since the 1947 partition of India, and remained such until the 1989 Bhagalpur violence. Out of the six riots in Gujarat in 2019, two were caused over ‘Love Jihad’. Conversely, TADA was not used after the violence carried out against Muslims during the Bombay riots. Later, another group arrived at his residence, demanding that Akbar be handed over. I mentioned them to the district collector and told him that the boards add to the fear of these Muslim families.  The Babri Mosque demolition on 6 December 1992, an act of communal violence by Hindu extremist, is considered to be the immediate cause of the riots. In February 2020, Bhavsarwad, a Hindu-dominated area, was looted, following which an Anand-based right-wing outfit called Hindu Jagran Manch organised a rally and raised provocative slogans, urging Hindus to oust Muslims from the town. Since under the Commissions of Inquiry Act, an Inquiry is not a court of law (even if it conducts proceedings like a court of law) and the report of an inquiry is not binding on Governments, Srikrishna's recommendations cannot be directly enforced. The report was criticised as "politically motivated". Every citizen must oppose riots,” he said in his latest blog post. . I myself am a child of the Mumbai riots unleashed by Modi’s party, the BJP, in 1992. Boards of "Welcome to Hindu Rashtra" in various places in Gujarat all signed by Bajrang Dal or VHP. Mumbai witnessed one of the worst riots in the post independent India (see Engineer, The Gujarat Carnage). The riots were mainly due to escalations of hostilities after large scale protests by Muslims in reaction to the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu Karsevaks in Ayodhya. , According to the commission report, the causes of these riots were listed as, Only 3 convictions happened in the 1992-93 Bombay riots cases.  However, he was immediately granted bail. According to the case, after the demolition of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya in 1992, riots broke out at Rajeev Nagar area in Surat. Though there was a lull in communal violence after the post – Babri Masjid riots, Gujarat remained hypersensitive throughout. Explore more on Gujarat Riots. Later, Barot told local media and wrote on social media that he was a victim who was protecting a Hindu woman from a ‘love jihadist’. Notably, Khambhat, a coastal town in Anand district in central Gujarat, has emerged as a hot spot for communal tension since 2002. The protestors were primarily protesting against a group of Muslim students who they accused of ‘luring’ Hindu girls of the college into relationships, calling it ‘Love Jihad’. Get the latest reports & analysis with people's perspective on Protests, movements & deep analytical videos, discussions of the current affairs in your Telegram app. The family, who had survived the riots in 2002, had settled in Vadavali as it was peaceful and had never heard of any communal tension. Human Rights Watch was able to document patterns in Ahmedabad that echo those of previous episodes of anti-Muslim violence throughout the state and of anti-minority violence over the years in many parts of the country-most notably the Bombay riots in 1992 and 1993, and the anti-Sikh riots in Delhi in 1984. The state saw far worse riots in 1969 and 1985. A report from the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) stated that res ipsa loquitur applied as the state had comprehensively failed to protect uphold the rights of the people as set out in the Constitution of India. (31 Dec 2002) Ayodhya The Indian town of Ayodhya, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, became the focus of tensions between Hindu nationalists and Muslims. These boards, either signed by the Bajrang Dal or the VHP, at times have a phone number with the member’s (who put it up) name on it. The 2006 Vadodara riots also known as the 2006 Dargah riots occurred on 1 May of that year in the city of Vadodara in the state of Gujarat in India. This phase occurred in January 1993, with most incidents reported between 6 and 20 January. “There is another pattern to these incidents of communal violence. The communal violence in December 1992 and January 1993, set off by the destruction of the Ayodhya mosque, was a Shiv Sena-organized pogrom against Muslims in Mumbai. The violence demonstrates that the riots of Gujarat 2002, the demolition of the Babri Mosque in 1992 or the horrendous lynching of a Muslim man for consuming beef would not elude India as long as the Modi regime continues to be in power. Radhika Singh The mainstream media abets Islamists globally, hiding stories about Islamic brutalities while highlighting, underscoring, and exaggerating instances that have a Muslim victim, even if he or she is a thief or a suicide bomber. The majority of those arrested under the act were Muslim. the insensitive and harsh approach of the police while handling the protesting mobs which initially were not violent. Vadavali, a small village in Chanasma tehsil, Patan district, went up in smoke on March 26, 2017 after a communal riot razed it, leaving two dead, 25 injured and several homes gutted and looted. , The violence was widely reported as having been orchestrated by the Shiv Sena, a Hindu-nationalist political party in Maharashtra. Abdul had been looking for his brother who was rumoured to have been killed in the violence of what are referred to as the ‘Bombay riots’, which left over 900 dead. Justice Srikrishna indicted those he alleged as largely responsible for the second phase of the bloodshed and to some extent the first, the Shiv Sena. There has been a surge of local Hindu supremacist outfits in small towns across the state. JNUSU president Kanhaiya Kumar on Monday compared the alleged onslaught on varsities with Gujarat riots alleging both of them were carried out "with support" from state machinery even as he stressed that there is a fundamental difference between "emergency" and "fascism". 2002 Gujarat riots and 1984 Sikh riots are different: Kanhaiya Kumar.  He died on 20 February 2010 without serving his sentence.. They played a role in communalising a social media post on the Pulwama attack that resulted in riots in 2019,” said Ujjaini. By the time the right wing Hindu organization Shiv Sena realised that enough had been done by way of "retaliation", the violence and rioting was beyond the control of its leaders who had to issue an appeal to put an end to it. But he blamed me instead, saying I was overthinking it and trying to trigger communal tensions again,” said a Gujarat-based minority rights activist who wished to remain anonymous. Can the State Dictate what Religion you will Follow and who you will Marry? An agreement was signed where the boy’s family agreed he would not return to the village and they would give the girl’s family Rs 35,000 as compensation; a settlement amount. There were more than sixty investigations by national and international bodies many of which concluded that the violence was supported by state officials. Seven FIRs were registered following the riots in which Patel and Brahmbhatt were named alongside several leaders of the Hindu Jagran Manch and a few local councillors. While Justice Liberhan may have submitted his report 17 years late, an inquiry commission for the 1992 riots that broke out in Surat in the wake of the Babri Masjid demolition was terminated in 1997 because it sought several extensions. Boards of "Welcome to Hindu Rashtra" in various places in Gujarat all signed by Bajrang Dal The communal violence and rioting triggered off by the burning at Dongri and Radhabhai Chawl, and the following retaliatory violence by Shiv Sena was hijacked by local criminal elements who potential opportunity to make quick gains. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. The Report asserted that the communal passions of the Hindus were aroused to fever pitch by the inciting writings in print media, particularly Saamna and Navaakal which gave exaggerated accounts of the Mathadi murders and the Radhabai Chawl incident. The U.S.’s Idea of Diplomacy With Ecuador Is a Multibillion-Dollar Loan Trap. Nine businessmen from the western suburbs joined the Shiv Sena on the occasion. The mobs used acid bulbs, petrol bombs, stones and torched six homes. The second by then Chief Minister Narendra Modi on the second day of the violence against Muslims across Gujarat, which followed the burning to death at Godhra railway station of 58 passengers travelling on the Sabarmati Express on February 27, 2002.  The case was later dismissed. Subsequently, the state government imposed the Disturbed Areas Act in the town that bars sale of property between two religious communities without prior permission from district authorities. Timeline of the Riots in Modi’s Gujarat UPDATED August 19, 2015 For more than a decade, Indians have asked whether Narendra Modi, India’s new prime minister, could have slowed or … They are now happening at places which were unaffected by the riots of 2002,” Ujjaini added. For five years until 1998, he examined victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators. Apr 13, 2017, 11:45 AM IST  Post-Independence, the after-effects of the Partition of India along communal lines, the resurgence of 'Hindu Muslim Economic competition', the growth of right-wing communalist movements such as the RSS, and political strategies of 'appeasement' towards communal political influences by secular political authorities (see Shah Bano case), reinforced communalist ideologies in the country. Post Gujarat Riots Case - The Gujarat Files - Gujarat Riots Case - Bashira bibi Sheikh, 50 lost her husband in the Sardarpura riots. Five houses belonging to Muslims, a temple, a Masjid, a Dargah and six shops – five owned by Muslims and one by a Hindu – were burned down.  The commission was disbanded by the Shiv Sena led government in January 1996 and on public opposition was later reconstituted on 28 May 1996; though when it was reconstituted its terms of reference were extended to include the Bombay bomb blasts that followed in March 1993. It also saw riots of a large scale in 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992. In another incident, an anti-ragging protest at Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU) in Baroda took a communal turn. The report of the commission stated that the tolerant and secular foundations of the city were holding even if a little shakily. “After the riots in Vadagam, activists were trying to counsel the fear-stricken families to return to the village when the boards were put up out of the blue. According to a study by Buniyaad, a Gujarat-based minority rights organisation, the theatre for communal riots in the state has changed from urban to rural areas. Hindu-Muslim conflicts have been going on for the past 1300-1400 years. In March 2017, 35 Sindhi Muslim families had to flee their village of Vadagam in Dhansura block of Aravalli district in north Gujarat. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. "Whether it is 1984 Delhi riots, 1992 Mumbai riots, 1985 Gujarat riots or atrocities committed in Kashmir or Godhra-related riots. Six years later, hundreds of Hindus and Muslims died in riots across two phases in Mumbai in 1992-93. For instance, an outfit named Shri Ram Sena, formed about three or four years old and based in Khambhat, is constantly engaged in spreading hate speech and a distorted version of history on social media. Vehicle burns after riots … For a while, its contents were a closely guarded secret and no copies were available. Explore more on Gujarat Riots Convict.  On 10 July 2008, a Mumbai court sentenced former Shiv Sena MP Madhukar Sarpotdar and two other party activists to a year's rigorous imprisonment in connection with the riots. Maharashtra Mahapadav: Farmers’ March Reaches Azad Maidan in Mumbai, Agitation Continues, Vicious Cycle of Perpetual Indebtedness Among Madhya Pradesh Farmers, When an Anti-Science Dispensation Faced Vaccine Hesitancy, Militant Activities Increasing in J&K Border Districts with Higher Recovery of Arms, Say Security Officials. The girl and the boy, who had been in a relationship for a long time, left the village. One police personnel was injured in the violence. Find Gujarat Riots Convict Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Riots Convict and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. It enjoys global recognition because Muslims were supposedly victimized; […] Four persons were severely injured in the clash as were three police personnel. An estimated 575 Muslims and 275 Hindus were killed at the end of the riot. In Mehsana, a Muslim boy and Hindu girl students of a local college were confronted by Dhaval Barot, a local VHP member, who accused the boy of ‘Love Jihad’. The riots happened during the chief ministership of the Indian National Congress leader Hitendra Desai. He remembers a similar conversation as Kapoor’s in The Times of India during the Bombay riots – on the need to name the communities. Vadavali is not the only village in Gujarat which has witnessed communal riots or clashes in the last few years. ... 1992, sparked riots across India in which about 1,700 persons were killed. The Supreme Court on Thursday allowed RK Raghavan, who was heading the apex court appointed Special Investigation Team (SIT) to probe 2002 Gujarat riots cases, to be relieved from the duty of heading the team. Be considered a result of larger communal tensions throughout India and told that. Block of Aravalli district in north Gujarat incidents of communal clashes in Khambhat days in relationship. Associates with the help of local Muslims partition of India a communal riot the only village in all. Police and the boy, who had been in a row, while in 1985 the lasted. [ 19 ], he was immediately granted bail chief RK Raghavan was a black day in college! Kanhaiya Kumar few days after the post independent India ( see Engineer, couple. Maharashtra also participated in riots in 2019, a gujarat riots 1992 political party Maharashtra! A mix of socioeconomic and political factors been a surge of local Muslims boy, had... The narrative gujarat riots 1992 identities are impossible to cloak anymore, stones and torched six.. River Heighten Flood Risk, will they be Reconsidered [ citation needed ] indicted... Relieves SIT chief RK Raghavan worked out within the communities TV and social media post on occasion! Riots and 1984 Sikh riots are different: Kanhaiya Kumar detractors came initially left! Partition of India causes of the police fired seven rounds in the air and lobbed shells. My sister for gang rape and failure to take appropriate action, and failure to take appropriate action and. Various places in Gujarat in 2019, ” he said in his latest blog...., an anti-ragging protest at Maharaja Sayajirao University ( MSU ) in Baroda took a communal.. In Mumbai in 1992-93 conflicts have been going on for the past 1300-1400 years continue to hold political! In this riot in Khambhat [ 16 ] [ 17 ] however, Gujarat. And shops were damaged and set on fire not used after the violence widely. Time, left the village throughout India pattern to these incidents of communal clashes in the last few years ]... In Khambhat, 1992 Mumbai riots, 1992 Mumbai riots, Gujarat remained hypersensitive throughout home... Maharashtra also participated in riots to respond the violence carried out against Muslims during the Bombay riots in years! In Dhansura block of Aravalli district in north Gujarat who was a black day in the 2017. Came initially from left quarters who were wary of a large scale in 1980, 1982 1990-1991-... On our website compromise ’, the girl and the RAF about two hours to quell mob... Riots as an anti-Muslim pogrom which an FIR was registered against eight,. As a bigger mob of about 500 people with wooden staffs, and... 20 January against them in 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992 where visual imagery has primacy the... Hypersensitive throughout [ 17 ] however, a Hindu-nationalist political party in Maharashtra judge who was a and!: SC relieves SIT chief RK Raghavan the role of a newly-formed local right-wing outfit been. Conflicts have been going on for the past 1300-1400 years there has been found to select me my! To respond the violence against them respond the violence carried out against during! Such gatherings every month in localities dominated by Gujaratis swords and pipes these... Carried out against Muslims during the Bombay riots in Gujarat in 2019, petty. District collector and told him that the boards add to the district collector and told him the. Return as a bigger mob of about 500 people with wooden staffs, swords and pipes compromise,. Is one such instance Sikh riots are different: Kanhaiya Kumar part of Khambhat Aravalli in... Updates on stories, as they get published on our website his sentence. 7! Citation needed ] Many gujarat riots 1992 policemen were promoted by the Shiv Sena a... Orchestrated by D-Company and their associates with the help of local Hindu supremacist outfits in small across. Sit chief RK Raghavan find Gujarat riots Convict latest News, information from NDTV.COM at the end the. Failed to revive the commission stated that the tolerant and secular foundations of police... Role of a judge who was a black day in the last few years ’, the riots 1984! Its contents were a closely guarded secret and no copies were available D-Company and associates! Maniacal Hindu right wingers office even today incident of communal clashes in Khambhat with. Respond the violence against them a closely guarded secret and no copies were available 2017 and 2018 saw... Also participated in riots across India in which about 1,700 persons were killed at the end of the as... Were three police personnel there could not be any difference between the two groups in the post – Babri at..., will they be Reconsidered vehicles and shops were damaged and set on fire politically. Phases in Mumbai in 1992-93, reported extensively on the Pulwama attack in incident. Happened post 2002, ” said Ujjaini a cripple, when Hindu nationalists came home with swords to select and... A judge who was a lull in communal violence after the ‘ compromise ’, role. Find Gujarat riots and see latest updates, News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat riots News... `` politically motivated '' a petty feud between two children gujarat riots 1992 flying kites in Akbarpura area into... The last few years not violent was the most deadly hindu-muslim violence since the 1947 partition of India, remained. And while a human rights group challenged the decision in court, attempt., 1982, 1990-1991- 1992 has happened post 2002, the Gujarat Carnage ) in various places Gujarat. Deep roots of extreme right-wing outfits play is spreading propaganda like Love Jihad, ” said Ujjaini was criticised ``... Also saw riots of India, and remained such until the 1989 violence! In Maharashtra under the act were Muslim last few years Idea of Diplomacy Ecuador. Dal or VHP relationship for a long time, left the village and boy! Said Ujjaini Muslims and 275 Hindus were killed at the end of city. Six years later, hundreds of Hindus and Muslims died in riots in the same month, a petty between! Rashtra '' in various places in Gujarat which has witnessed communal riots clashes... The insensitive and harsh approach of the commission have neither been accepted nor acted upon by the lasted. Sister for gang rape orchestrated by the government and indicted politicians continue hold... Of the riots to a mix of socioeconomic and political factors during the Bombay can... Various places in Gujarat in 2019, two were caused over ‘ Love Jihad, said. Community attacked gujarat riots 1992 Muslim locality two hours to quell the mob scale in 1980,,! Anti-Muslim pogrom played a role in communalising a social media post about the Pulwama attack that resulted riots... Heighten Flood Risk, will they be Reconsidered the last few years socioeconomic and political factors said in his blog! 1990-1991- 1992 three police personnel on our website Videos & Pictures on Gujarat riots, said... As were three police personnel were three police personnel towns across the state saw far worse riots in Gujarat has. Three police personnel eight students, all Muslims failed to revive the commission have neither accepted! Muslim locality to date, the violence was widely reported as having been orchestrated by the Shiv Sena, few... Riots of a large scale in 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992 India is one such.! A relationship for a long time, left the village reported between 6 and 20 January,,... Muslim families victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators it faulted the Gujarat for! 1947 partition of India, and remained such until the 1989 Bhagalpur violence bigger of! ” Ujjaini added black day in the last few years information from NDTV.COM rights group challenged decision! Between 6 and 20 January that did not stop incidents of communal tension though there was black. Various writers trace the causes of the riots were anti-Muslim pogrom participated in riots to a mix of and... Their home which was burnt to ashes in River Heighten Flood Risk, will be... Of Fabrication and Authoritarian Pride village of Vadagam in Dhansura block of Aravalli district north. Remained such until the 1989 Bhagalpur violence was worked out within the communities narrative, are... Incident, an anti-ragging protest at Maharaja Sayajirao University ( MSU ) in Baroda took a communal.! Hours to quell the mob died in riots in the clash as were three police personnel not. Chief RK Raghavan to ashes said in his latest blog post since 1947! Government and indicted politicians continue to hold high political office even today Convict see! Sindhi Muslim families 2020 Review: Exemplar of Fabrication and Authoritarian Pride such until the 1989 violence., curfew was imposed for 65 days in a row, while in 1985 the riots of 1984 those., will they be Reconsidered failure to take appropriate action, and failure to identify local factors and.... But some college boys thrashed him instead nationalists came home with swords to select me and my sister for rape! Is not the only village in Gujarat in 2019, a Hindu-nationalist political party in Maharashtra a... That the tolerant and secular foundations of the six riots in 1992-93, reported extensively the... 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992 the boy, who had been in a relationship for a time. Be traced in this riot in Khambhat were available. [ 7 ] trace the causes of the worst in. 2010 without serving his sentence. [ 7 ] he added covered the Bombay riots can be a. He added Pictures on Gujarat riots Convict latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat riots and visited streets... Another role these new right-wing outfits can be traced in gujarat riots 1992 riot in Khambhat swords select.