“Another role these new right-wing outfits play is spreading propaganda like Love Jihad,” he added. Soon after the incident, multiple boards came up between Dhansura and Vadagam – a stretch of about eight kilometres – that read: “Hindu Rashtra ke Vadagam, Dhansura, Harsol aur Talod me apka swagat hai” (Welcome to Hindu Rashtra’s Vadagam, Harsol and Talod.). Several houses, vehicles and shops were damaged and set on fire. It took local police and the RAF about two hours to quell the mob. In November 2016, a minor incident of a Muslim autorickshaw driver colliding with the motorcycle of a person from the Ravar community in Pith Bazar area turned into a riot. It was the most deadly Hindu-Muslim violence since the 1947 partition of India, and remained such until the 1989 Bhagalpur violence. Out of the six riots in Gujarat in 2019, two were caused over ‘Love Jihad’. Conversely, TADA was not used after the violence carried out against Muslims during the Bombay riots. Later, another group arrived at his residence, demanding that Akbar be handed over. I mentioned them to the district collector and told him that the boards add to the fear of these Muslim families. [9] The Babri Mosque demolition on 6 December 1992, an act of communal violence by Hindu extremist, is considered to be the immediate cause of the riots. In February 2020, Bhavsarwad, a Hindu-dominated area, was looted, following which an Anand-based right-wing outfit called Hindu Jagran Manch organised a rally and raised provocative slogans, urging Hindus to oust Muslims from the town. Since under the Commissions of Inquiry Act, an Inquiry is not a court of law (even if it conducts proceedings like a court of law) and the report of an inquiry is not binding on Governments, Srikrishna's recommendations cannot be directly enforced. The report was criticised as "politically motivated". Every citizen must oppose riots,” he said in his latest blog post. [citation needed]. I myself am a child of the Mumbai riots unleashed by Modi’s party, the BJP, in 1992. Boards of "Welcome to Hindu Rashtra" in various places in Gujarat all signed by Bajrang Dal or VHP. Mumbai witnessed one of the worst riots in the post independent India (see Engineer, The Gujarat Carnage). The riots were mainly due to escalations of hostilities after large scale protests by Muslims in reaction to the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu Karsevaks in Ayodhya. [citation needed], According to the commission report, the causes of these riots were listed as, Only 3 convictions happened in the 1992-93 Bombay riots cases. [16][17] However, he was immediately granted bail. According to the case, after the demolition of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya in 1992, riots broke out at Rajeev Nagar area in Surat. Though there was a lull in communal violence after the post – Babri Masjid riots, Gujarat remained hypersensitive throughout. Explore more on Gujarat Riots. Later, Barot told local media and wrote on social media that he was a victim who was protecting a Hindu woman from a ‘love jihadist’. Notably, Khambhat, a coastal town in Anand district in central Gujarat, has emerged as a hot spot for communal tension since 2002. The protestors were primarily protesting against a group of Muslim students who they accused of ‘luring’ Hindu girls of the college into relationships, calling it ‘Love Jihad’. Get the latest reports & analysis with people's perspective on Protests, movements & deep analytical videos, discussions of the current affairs in your Telegram app. The family, who had survived the riots in 2002, had settled in Vadavali as it was peaceful and had never heard of any communal tension. Human Rights Watch was able to document patterns in Ahmedabad that echo those of previous episodes of anti-Muslim violence throughout the state and of anti-minority violence over the years in many parts of the country-most notably the Bombay riots in 1992 and 1993, and the anti-Sikh riots in Delhi in 1984. The state saw far worse riots in 1969 and 1985. A report from the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) stated that res ipsa loquitur applied as the state had comprehensively failed to protect uphold the rights of the people as set out in the Constitution of India. (31 Dec 2002) Ayodhya The Indian town of Ayodhya, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, became the focus of tensions between Hindu nationalists and Muslims. These boards, either signed by the Bajrang Dal or the VHP, at times have a phone number with the member’s (who put it up) name on it. The 2006 Vadodara riots also known as the 2006 Dargah riots occurred on 1 May of that year in the city of Vadodara in the state of Gujarat in India. This phase occurred in January 1993, with most incidents reported between 6 and 20 January. “There is another pattern to these incidents of communal violence. The communal violence in December 1992 and January 1993, set off by the destruction of the Ayodhya mosque, was a Shiv Sena-organized pogrom against Muslims in Mumbai. The violence demonstrates that the riots of Gujarat 2002, the demolition of the Babri Mosque in 1992 or the horrendous lynching of a Muslim man for consuming beef would not elude India as long as the Modi regime continues to be in power. Radhika Singh The mainstream media abets Islamists globally, hiding stories about Islamic brutalities while highlighting, underscoring, and exaggerating instances that have a Muslim victim, even if he or she is a thief or a suicide bomber. The majority of those arrested under the act were Muslim. the insensitive and harsh approach of the police while handling the protesting mobs which initially were not violent. Vadavali, a small village in Chanasma tehsil, Patan district, went up in smoke on March 26, 2017 after a communal riot razed it, leaving two dead, 25 injured and several homes gutted and looted. [3], The violence was widely reported as having been orchestrated by the Shiv Sena, a Hindu-nationalist political party in Maharashtra. Abdul had been looking for his brother who was rumoured to have been killed in the violence of what are referred to as the ‘Bombay riots’, which left over 900 dead. Justice Srikrishna indicted those he alleged as largely responsible for the second phase of the bloodshed and to some extent the first, the Shiv Sena. There has been a surge of local Hindu supremacist outfits in small towns across the state. JNUSU president Kanhaiya Kumar on Monday compared the alleged onslaught on varsities with Gujarat riots alleging both of them were carried out "with support" from state machinery even as he stressed that there is a fundamental difference between "emergency" and "fascism". 2002 Gujarat riots and 1984 Sikh riots are different: Kanhaiya Kumar. [18] He died on 20 February 2010 without serving his sentence.[19]. They played a role in communalising a social media post on the Pulwama attack that resulted in riots in 2019,” said Ujjaini. By the time the right wing Hindu organization Shiv Sena realised that enough had been done by way of "retaliation", the violence and rioting was beyond the control of its leaders who had to issue an appeal to put an end to it. But he blamed me instead, saying I was overthinking it and trying to trigger communal tensions again,” said a Gujarat-based minority rights activist who wished to remain anonymous. Can the State Dictate what Religion you will Follow and who you will Marry? An agreement was signed where the boy’s family agreed he would not return to the village and they would give the girl’s family Rs 35,000 as compensation; a settlement amount. There were more than sixty investigations by national and international bodies many of which concluded that the violence was supported by state officials. Seven FIRs were registered following the riots in which Patel and Brahmbhatt were named alongside several leaders of the Hindu Jagran Manch and a few local councillors. While Justice Liberhan may have submitted his report 17 years late, an inquiry commission for the 1992 riots that broke out in Surat in the wake of the Babri Masjid demolition was terminated in 1997 because it sought several extensions. Boards of "Welcome to Hindu Rashtra" in various places in Gujarat all signed by Bajrang Dal The communal violence and rioting triggered off by the burning at Dongri and Radhabhai Chawl, and the following retaliatory violence by Shiv Sena was hijacked by local criminal elements who potential opportunity to make quick gains. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. The Report asserted that the communal passions of the Hindus were aroused to fever pitch by the inciting writings in print media, particularly Saamna and Navaakal which gave exaggerated accounts of the Mathadi murders and the Radhabai Chawl incident. The U.S.’s Idea of Diplomacy With Ecuador Is a Multibillion-Dollar Loan Trap. Nine businessmen from the western suburbs joined the Shiv Sena on the occasion. The mobs used acid bulbs, petrol bombs, stones and torched six homes. The second by then Chief Minister Narendra Modi on the second day of the violence against Muslims across Gujarat, which followed the burning to death at Godhra railway station of 58 passengers travelling on the Sabarmati Express on February 27, 2002. [13] The case was later dismissed. Subsequently, the state government imposed the Disturbed Areas Act in the town that bars sale of property between two religious communities without prior permission from district authorities. Timeline of the Riots in Modi’s Gujarat UPDATED August 19, 2015 For more than a decade, Indians have asked whether Narendra Modi, India’s new prime minister, could have slowed or … They are now happening at places which were unaffected by the riots of 2002,” Ujjaini added. For five years until 1998, he examined victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators. Apr 13, 2017, 11:45 AM IST [8] Post-Independence, the after-effects of the Partition of India along communal lines, the resurgence of 'Hindu Muslim Economic competition', the growth of right-wing communalist movements such as the RSS,[9] and political strategies of 'appeasement' towards communal political influences by secular political authorities (see Shah Bano case), reinforced communalist ideologies in the country. Post Gujarat Riots Case - The Gujarat Files - Gujarat Riots Case - Bashira bibi Sheikh, 50 lost her husband in the Sardarpura riots. Five houses belonging to Muslims, a temple, a Masjid, a Dargah and six shops – five owned by Muslims and one by a Hindu – were burned down. [14] The commission was disbanded by the Shiv Sena led government in January 1996 and on public opposition was later reconstituted on 28 May 1996; though when it was reconstituted its terms of reference were extended to include the Bombay bomb blasts that followed in March 1993. It also saw riots of a large scale in 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992. In another incident, an anti-ragging protest at Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU) in Baroda took a communal turn. The report of the commission stated that the tolerant and secular foundations of the city were holding even if a little shakily. “After the riots in Vadagam, activists were trying to counsel the fear-stricken families to return to the village when the boards were put up out of the blue. According to a study by Buniyaad, a Gujarat-based minority rights organisation, the theatre for communal riots in the state has changed from urban to rural areas. Hindu-Muslim conflicts have been going on for the past 1300-1400 years. In March 2017, 35 Sindhi Muslim families had to flee their village of Vadagam in Dhansura block of Aravalli district in north Gujarat. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. "Whether it is 1984 Delhi riots, 1992 Mumbai riots, 1985 Gujarat riots or atrocities committed in Kashmir or Godhra-related riots. Six years later, hundreds of Hindus and Muslims died in riots across two phases in Mumbai in 1992-93. For instance, an outfit named Shri Ram Sena, formed about three or four years old and based in Khambhat, is constantly engaged in spreading hate speech and a distorted version of history on social media. Vehicle burns after riots … For a while, its contents were a closely guarded secret and no copies were available. Explore more on Gujarat Riots Convict. [15] On 10 July 2008, a Mumbai court sentenced former Shiv Sena MP Madhukar Sarpotdar and two other party activists to a year's rigorous imprisonment in connection with the riots. Maharashtra Mahapadav: Farmers’ March Reaches Azad Maidan in Mumbai, Agitation Continues, Vicious Cycle of Perpetual Indebtedness Among Madhya Pradesh Farmers, When an Anti-Science Dispensation Faced Vaccine Hesitancy, Militant Activities Increasing in J&K Border Districts with Higher Recovery of Arms, Say Security Officials. The girl and the boy, who had been in a relationship for a long time, left the village. One police personnel was injured in the violence. Find Gujarat Riots Convict Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Riots Convict and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. It enjoys global recognition because Muslims were supposedly victimized; […] Four persons were severely injured in the clash as were three police personnel. An estimated 575 Muslims and 275 Hindus were killed at the end of the riot. In Mehsana, a Muslim boy and Hindu girl students of a local college were confronted by Dhaval Barot, a local VHP member, who accused the boy of ‘Love Jihad’. 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