The Chronicles note a string of victories following Ellandun and in 827 CE states: “Egbert, in the course of the same year, conquered the Mercian kingdom, and all that is south of the Humber, being the eighth king who was sovereign of all the British dominions.”. Mark, J. J. Wessex had been under Mercia’s control since 785 CE and there are no records of any military activity under the reign of Beorhtric. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Æthelbald (died 860) was King of Wessex from 855 to 860. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. Kent defeated Mercia in battle c. 776 CE under the reign of Egbert II and maintained its independence through the reign of Eahlmund but King Offa of Mercia (r. 757-796 CE) reasserted his power in 785 CE and again took control of the kingdom. Some never locate a single specimen, whilst luckier searchers achieve their aim. In the TV series Vikings, Egbert is seen granting land to Viking settlers he will later betray, sending Aethelwulf to slaughter the Viking settlement, and later granting land to other Vikings when he has earlier secretly abdicated rule to Aethelwulf. Linking Egbert to Cerdic would have enhanced his status and it was a fairly common practice for the scribes of kings to attribute to their liege impressive pedigrees even if they could not be proven. Egbert, also spelled Ecgberht, or Ecgbryht, (died 839), king of the West Saxons from 802 to 839, who formed around Wessex a kingdom so powerful that it eventually achieved the political unification of England (mid-10th century). thirty-two surviving coins issued under Ecgberht, king of the West Saxons (802–39), from a mint (or mints) in Wessex. Web. Ecgberht 771/775 – 839, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, Ecgbeorht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His defeat in 836 CE, sometimes attributed to a lack of resources or support from Louis the Pious, could as easily have been caused by lack of preparation and surprise. An Anglo-Saxon coin of any description is on the wish-list of lots of detectorists. This characterization is possibly drawn from the historical Egbert’s initiatives in consolidating his kingdom but is largely fictionalized and without any detailed historical basis. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. License. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Cite This Work Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. … Æthelwulf. He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. Æþelwulf was the son of Ecgberht, King of Wessex and he came to the throne, and descended from Ine’s … Even so, it is possible that Egbert descended from Cerdic and a West Saxon noble who was also connected to the Kingdom of Kent would not have been unusual. In 828 CE he conquered North-Wales and in 829 CE he accepted the submission of the Kingdom of Northumbria and, at the same time, drove Wiglaf from his throne and took direct control of Mercia. The empire of the Franks was secure under the reign of Charlemagne but, when he died in 814 CE, he was succeeded by his son Louis the Pious (r. 814-840 CE) who had greater difficulty managing his enormous realm. Baldred of Kent, client king, deposed by Egbert; Egbert rules Kent with his son Aethelwulf as client king. Egbert died of natural causes in 839 CE and his son Aethelwulf succeeded him without opposition due to support from the church. Mark, Joshua J. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter. Cenwulf of Mercia died in 821 CE and was succeeded by his brother Ceolwulf I (r. 821-823 CE) who was then deposed by the nobleman Beornwulf (r. 823-826 CE) while Egbert was gathering his forces which would win the Battle of Ellandun and shatter Mercian supremacy. The Vikings appear to have made a treaty with the Cornish people of Dumnonia, who had been subject to Wessex since Egbert’s campaigns in c. 815 CE. +AECCBEAFLH" … Fils du roi Ecgberht, il devient le souverain du Kent et des autres royaumes du sud-est de l'Angleterre en 825, après la victoire de son père à la bataille d'Ellendun. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, the Viking-Dumnonia forces seem to have declared war on Wessex and taken up a position in present-day Cornwall, daring Egbert to meet them. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. Ecbert of Wessex Played by Linus Roacheby The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). Clash Royale CLAN TAG #URR8PPP For the 7th century king of Kent, see Ecgberht of Kent. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex. He was expelled from his kingdom [826] [230] . He was succeeded by four of his sons in turn, each dying without adult sons of their own to take the throne, until finally his youngest boy became king. He was Alfred's father, and had taken his son to Rome as a small boy. In the 820’s CE, Louis the Pious would still have been able to spare resources to support Egbert in Wessex but, as that decade progressed, he was contending with Slavic incursions, rebellions, and then a series of civil wars and so had his own problems to deal with. In 829 he conquered Mercia itself, but he lost it in the following year to the Mercian king Wiglaf. Although there are also no records of any military build-up in Wessex in Egbert’s early reign, this must have been where he concentrated his efforts because, between c. 815-820 CE, he could effectively campaign in Dumnonia and in 825 CE he was able to mount an effective offense against Mercia itself. Although the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles claim 827 CE as the year of Wessex’s complete supremacy, this date has been challenged by archeological and literary evidence. Even though Mercia would later assert itself and reclaim some of its lands and independence, it would never be the power it had been before Ellandun. Egbert was a warrior King of Wessex who managed briefly to dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he died. These campaigns were probably encouraged by Dumnonia’s lucrative ports and trade contacts, skill in metalworking, and other resources Egbert would require to enlarge and equip an army. He surrendered to Ecgberht King of Wessex after the defeat of Cenwulf King of Mercia in 825 [229]. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex.Thi… ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Mercia. Egbert is often characterized by historians as operating outside the boundaries of acceptable diplomacy. Then sent he his son, Aethelwulf into Kent with a large detachment from the main body of the army, accompanied by his bishop, Elstan, and his alderman, Wulfherd; who drove Baldred, the king, northward over the Thames. https://www.ancient.eu/King_Egbert_of_Wessex/. The entry in the Chronicles for 825 CE stating that Egbert sent Aethelwulf to Kent to depose Baldred is considered off by a few months or a year and that probably happened in 826 CE. Beorhtric was supported by Offa, however, who sealed a contract with Wessex by marrying his daughter Eadburh to Beorhtric; Egbert was driven into exile and fled to Francia. Nevertheless, Egbert succeeded to Beorhtric’s throne in 802. Historian Heather Edwards has suggested that Ealhmund was probably a Kentish royal scion, whose pedigree was forged to give his son Egbert the descent from Cerdic requisite to reigning in Wessex. Ecgberht was presumed to become King of Northumbria after the death of his father at the hands of Bjorn and his defeat against the Great Heathen Army. King Egbert of Wessex. The entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles for 825 CE reads: Egbert, king of the West-Saxons, and Beornwulf, king of Mercia, fought a battle at Wilton [modern day Wiltshire], in which Egbert gained the victory, but there was great slaughter on both sides. Throughout his reign, Charlemagne had engaged almost incessantly in successful military campaigns. Ecgberht, King of WessexVue d'ensemble. Historically, Ecgberht was installed by the Vikings as a puppet king of Northumbria in … Sculpture of Charlemagne - Abbey of Saint John at Müstair, by The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). He seems to have reasserted Wessex’s independence from Mercia but there are no records of how nor of military campaigns between the two kingdoms. Scholar C. Warren Hollister credits early Viking raids in the region with the consolidation of Wessex’s power in that both Northumbria and Mercia had been destabilized by the Vikings beginning in c. 793 CE (127). AR Penny. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Egbert, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Egbert. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. In 825 he decisively defeated Beornwulf, king of Mercia, at the Battle of Ellendune (now Wroughton, Wiltshire). During the period when Wiglaf returned as King of Mercia, Sigered is recorded as king of the East Saxons in a lease of land in Hertfordshire dated [829/37] [231] . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Related Content Mark, Joshua J. Egbert was the first king of Wessex to completely subdue Mercia and the stability he provided allowed for further development of the kingdom as well as the resources to withstand the Viking raids. As king of Wessex, Egbert set about earning his royal spurs. Following the outing of Baldred, Egbert claimed kingship of Kent as overlord to Aethelwulf who served as his client king there as well as over Essex, Sussex, and Surrey. The entry for 838 CE continues: “When he [Egbert] heard this, he proceeded with his army against them and fought with them at Hengeston where he put to flight both”, winning the field and dispersing the enemy. … Scholars who claim Wessex declined in the 830’s CE point to Egbert’s defeat by the Vikings in 836 CE but this was a single loss to a previously unknown opponent and hardly characterizes a decline. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies Encyclopedia is... In 802 Aethelwulf succeeded him without opposition due to support from the son! 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