a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand. ... Ab Anbar: A Roofed Underground Water Cistern. When I was just about to give up on it, a sign suddenly emerged in the streets of the historic city of Yazd referring to the “Zarch Qanat gallery”. AP World History Question 281: Answer and Explanation. each of the hereditary classes of Hindu society, distinguished by relative degrees of ritual purity or pollution and of social status. It is animal husbandry: the care, tending and use of animals such as cattle, camels, goats, yaks, llamas, reindeer, horses and sheep. Qanat is an old system of water supply from a deep well with a series of vertical access shafts, Qanāts still create a reliable supply of water for human settlements and irrigation in hot, arid, and semi-arid climates. About 2,500 years ago, Persians invented a number of methods for harnessing groundwater, including a water management system called a qanat… purpose was to govern a far-flung empire through communication systems, series of conflicts that Greeks called ? the dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection. (AP Central) Guns, Germs, and Steel by Diamond (Norton, 1999) Standage, Tom A History of the World in 6 Glasses. We’ve not only covered AP® World History flashcard terms from the ancient past to the present moment, but we have engaged in regions all over the globe. The qanat systems of Mexico came into use after the Spanish conquest. a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state. an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge across a valley or other gap. ruled in the Lower Yellow River Valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the semi-mythical Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty. a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch. the belief in or worship of more than one god. Seleucid empire 323 bc - 83 ce. Main menu. 12: 265683447: Satraps: Persian administrators, usually members of the royal family, who governed a satrapy. June 12, 2017 ... No nation in the world can compete with the Iranians in … an ancient system of deep underground tunnels and wells built in the Middle East to channel water from a mountain to a dry lower region. It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within this region pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The journey has been always overflowed of great opportunities to watch and experience. AP World History. (r. 530-522 BCE) conquered Egypt in 525 BCE, establishment of communication and centralized administration, administration with networks of educated bureaucrats, tax collectors, and spies, administrative and taxation districts governed by satraps. A river valley civilization or river culture is an agricultural nation or civilization situated beside and drawing sustenance from a river. Definition: The rejection of traditional religious explanations and nature of the world through seeking rational explanations. The value of the qanat is directly related to the quality, volume, and regularity of the water flow. (kɑˈnɑt ) noun. 2002 AP World History Released Exam (College Board) 2003-2007 AP World History Free Response Questions, Rubrics, and Student Samples. Als außergewöhnliches Beispiel eines traditionellen technologischen Ensembles, welches noch heute benutzt und gefördert wird, wurde die Kulturerbestätte im Rahmen der 40. Stick with this list of 50 Frequently Tested AP® World History Terms and you’ll be on your way getting a 5 on your exam. Achemenid empire 558 bc - 330 bc. of precisely measured metal and guaranteed value, underground canals part of irrigation systems, in the cities: included artisans, craftsmen, merchants, and low-ranking civil servants. is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization, Neolithic Demographic Transition, Agricultural Revolution, or First Agricultural Revolution was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly larger population, a historical region and cultural area in North America. Qanat system a traditional system of gravity-fed irrigation that uses gently sloping tunles to capture ground water and direst it to needed feilds( In the Middle East) Monastic AP World History Thursday, September 24, 2015. Evidence of New World qanats can be found in western Mexico, in the Atacama regions of Peru, and Chile at Nazca and Pica. These cards will be used for various activities and writing assignments. the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline. The Middle Kingdom was the second peak period of the Ancient Egyptian civilization (the other two being the Old Kingdom and the New Kingdom). Der Qanat-Kanal ist ein Stollen, der mit geringem Gefälle vom Mutterbrunnen über die Zugangsschächte bis zum Qanat-Austritt führt. imperial administration called for educated ? was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 187 BCE. Oh no! Royal road 520 bc. Cause: Wanting to learn how the world was created, what it is made … Death of Cyrus. relating to land or the cultivation of land. the natural character or culture of Greece, The migration of the Bantu people from their origins in southern West Africa saw a gradual population movement sweep through the central, eastern, and southern parts of the continent starting in the mid-2nd millennium BCE and finally ending before 1500 CE, people decide on policy initiatives directly. ... How is this like or unlike the way a qanat worked in Persia? Webster’s … AP World History A topnotch WordPress.com site. a period of time during the history of Ancient Egypt. Madeline Doak. Posted by second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period. Qanat | one of the oldest systems of water supply in the world Digging aqueduct has been one of the first human technologies, for conduction groundwater to earth surface and cities. had all of Iran under his control by 548 BCE. Impressive as it may be, the qanat depicted here is clearly not a fortification or a piece of monumental architecture, making B and C incorrect. - a question mark (?) Ein Qanat oder Kanat (arabisch قناة, DMG Qanāh) ist eine traditionelle Form der Frischwasserförderung meist in Wüstengebieten, um Trink- und Nutzwasser aus höher gelegenen Regionen zu beziehen. Taxes- Roman emperors became materialistic and increased tax pressure on the poor while the rich evaded taxes. that would reach its peak under Shapur 1 and later fall to Arabic expansion. Print; Persia. the dispersion of the Jews beyond Israel. the idea that there could be only one legitimate ruler of China at a time, and that this ruler had the blessing of the gods. Qanat - ancient underground power plants Special Focus - underground water system of the ancient Middle East: The Qanat. i. replaces irregular tribute payments with formal ? ap world history vocabulary this is all of the vocabulary for the year! denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets. 8 The Qanat: A Living History in Iran 137 through wells, using surface water resources for the artificial recharge of aquifers, decreasing water loss, and repairing and preserving old qanats. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Qanat: Persian underground canal. relating to or denoting the later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed. AP World History Class Notes Ch 7 The Empires of Persia October 2, 2016 2 B. Believed to have been directly revealed to seers among the early Aryans in India, and preserved by oral tradition, the four chief collections are the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda. They used this Mandate to justify their overthrow of the Shang, and their subsequent rule. p. 158-178 (r. 224-651 CE), from Persia, toppled the Parthians, ? (239-272 CE) created buffer states between the Sasanids and the Roman empire, linked lands from India to Egypt in a vast commercial zone, ? AP World History Unit Two: Classical Civilizations Overview Test Date: Chapter Readings: Vocabulary: Create a note card for each vocabulary word with 2 brief points to describe the person/place/term. It looks like your browser needs an update. an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by Alexander the Great 334-331 b.c. symbolizes the answer to the flashcard Legendary king of the Mesopotamian city-state of Uruk (ca. Chapter 7. Rome used aqueducts to … Elf Kanalsysteme, sogenannte „Qanate“, bestehend aus einer Quelle sowie unterirdischen Kanälen und zugehöriger Infrastruktur, bilden nun eine serielle Welterbestätte in Iran. Qanat Technology Diffusion Model [Source: Water History Website] It has been proven that about 30 countries have used this system, such as: qanat (plural qanats) An underground conduit , between vertical shafts , that leads water from the interior of a hill to villages in the valley 1981 : Richard Edward Chapman, Geology and Water: An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics for Geologists , page 112. This is probably the UNESCO World Heritage Site I spent the most time in trying to understand how to “properly” visit it during my recent trip in Iran. ), subject of the Epic of Gilgamesh, world's oldest complete epic literary masterpiece. While the above diffusion model is nice and neat (see Figure 3), human activities are rarely so orderly. - an asterisk (*) symbolizes a hint to the answer to the flashcard, migration of Medes and Persians from central Asia before 1000 BCE, migrated from central Asia to Persian before 1000 BCE, ? Qanat (undergroud canals) 520 bc. In 2016, UNESCO inscribed the Persian Qanat as a World Heritage Site, listing the following eleven qanats: Qasebeh Qanat, Qanat of Baladeh, Qanat of Zarch, Hasan Abad-e Moshir Qanat, Ebrāhim Ābād Qanat in Markazi Province, Qanat of Vazvān in Esfahan Province, Mozd Ābād Qanat in Esfahan Province, Qanat of the Moon in Esfahan Province, Qanat of Gowhar-riz in Kerman Province, Jupār – … Qanāt, (Arabic) also spelled kanat, Persian karez, Berber Arabic foggara, ancient type of water-supply system, developed and still used in arid regions of the world. (in Hinduism and Buddhism) the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences. Hagia Sophia- Adopting the same religion would unite cultures, for the Roman empire and European barbarians Silk - Sates that produced high demand products like silk could trade them and becomes very wealthy like the persian empire. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history. Term Hammurabi's Code the stage of human social and cultural development and organization that is considered most advanced. kanat … Useful english dictionary. Figure 1. Persepolis 520 bc. AP World History Study Guide - Unit 2 (Classical Period) questionRVCs answerled to control of barbaric outsiders, expansion; political organization, legal codes, specialization, more writing and … established a vast empire from India to the borders of Egypt. Qanat is an ancient system of underground tunnels that supply mountain water to dry lower places in the Middle East. qanat in American English. a city state in ancient Greece, especially as considered in its ideal form for philosophical purposes. Stretched 2,575k. (500-479 BCE), established after Alexander the Great died suddenly, Seleucus (r. 305-281 BCE) inherited most of the former Achaemenid empire when Alexander died, seminomadic Parthians drive Seleucus out of Iran, seminomadic people based in Iran who extended to wealthy Mesopotamia, the Parthians revolted against the Seleucids, followed the example of Achaemenid administration, ? relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India. Walker Publishing Company, 2006. Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. Cyrus no doubt would had campaigned against Egypt, had he lived long enough. 3000 B.C.E. Sasanid empire 224 bc - … Rice cotton qanat PERIOD 3 600 CE 1450 CE Urbanization Patriarchy Slavery Free from HISTORY 45.0811011 at Parkview High School It lasted from 1975 BC to 1640 BC. "), the Sasanids supported Zoroastriansm zealously, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Manichaeism attracted converts in Persia, Zoroastrianism influenced Judaism, Christrianity, and later, Islam. was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 187 BCE. 13: 265683448: Seleucids This also happened in other empires 11: 265683446: Sasanids: Later powerful Persian dynasty (224-651 B.C.E.) Look at other dictionaries: qanat — /kä nätˈ/ noun An underground tunnel for carrying irrigation water ORIGIN: Ar qanāt pipe * * * qanat var. Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock. a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty. the spread of beliefs and social activities of one culture to another culture, the belief that one must be good to their parents, the doctrine or belief that there is only one God. a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives. At the time, they were some of the largest wars that had ever taken place. Caused ill will and rebellions among the peoples in The qanat technology is known to have been developed in Iran by the Persian people sometime in the early 1st millennium BC and spread from there slowly westward and eastward. 4 [1968] the technology of Qanat has been spread over the world in a way as it’s shown in Figure 1. Throughout the arid regions of Iran, agricultural and permanent settlements are supported by the ancient qanat system of tapping alluvial aquifers at the heads of valleys and conducting the water along underground tunnels by gravity, often over many kilometres. A Qanāt (Persian: قنات ‎ ‎ / کاریز) is a gently sloping underground channel to transport water from an aquifer or water well to surface for irrigation and drinking. a triangular sail on a long yard at an angle of 45° to the mast. The Hammurabi code of laws, a collection of 282 rules, established standards for commercial interactions and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice. Named for its heartland in Qin state, the dynasty was founded by Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of Qin. the Achaemenid (r. 558-530 BCE) launched the Persians' imperial venture, Cyrus became king of the Persian tribes in 558 BCE, Cyrus no doubt would had campaigned against Egypt, had he lived long enough, Cyrus's son, ? Agricultural production 500 bce. AP World History Question 282: Answer and Explanation. Aqueducts moved water by using a slight downward slope which moved the water due to gravity. Persian Empire. a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god. a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority. The Persian Qanat is an ancient underground water channel used for transport water from an aquifer or water well to surface for irrigation and drinking. Nothing about the qanat speaks to willingness or unwillingness to fight wars, and it is unlikely that a decentralized society could mobilize the labor to build such a structure, so B and C are not good choices. social structure was similar to that of the Aryans and maintained a steppe tradition, early Aryan influences on Persian religious traditions, teachings resulted in the emergence of Zoroastrianism, the supreme god, ? Ein Qanat besteht aus einem Mutterbrunnen, mehreren vertikalen Zugangsschächten und dem Qanat-Kanal. relating to or characteristic of a system of society or government controlled by men. It is also too advanced to be associated with the Neolithic period, as in D. ... pastrialism qanat system patriarchy animism caliph tribute pax roman slash and burn polis deforestation specialization of labor desertification ... neighborhood ap world website for help . (in Indian religion) the eternal and inherent nature of reality, regarded in Hinduism as a cosmic law underlying right behavior and social order. notes: But acing the AP® World History exam can be done! the most ancient Hindu scriptures, written in early Sanskrit and containing hymns, philosophy, and guidance on ritual for the priests of Vedic religion. Search. the branch of science and technology concerned with the properties of metals and their production and purification. This is an example of the technological innovation that accompanied the development of agriculture. the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC. Decline and Fall of the Achaemenid Empire 1) Commonwealth: law, justice, administration led to political stability and public works 2) Xerxes (reigned 486-465 BCE) a. Retreated from the policy of cultural toleration b. (the "wise lord") made Zarathustra a prophet, Zoroastrian priests who at first transmitted Zoroastrian teachings orally, Zarathustra's hymns that he composed in honor of the various deities that he recognized, holy book in which the Zoroastrian magis compiled their scriptures, did not call for ascetic renunciation of the world in favor of a future heavenly existence, Zoroastrian Difficulties: Alexander's Invasion, * difficulty for the Zoroastrians ("Zoroastrian Difficulties: ? 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Human activities are rarely so orderly: later powerful Persian dynasty ( 224-651 B.C.E. or worship of than.