Whether completing a dissertation or working on a freshman-level humanities project, students will benefit from the depth and breadth of scholarly, full-text content within our databases as well as ease of access and search functionality. In all probability he would have 'butted heads' even more, with the risk that we would have upset people who had the ability to impact on his public platform. According to Jett, the Egyptians used a bipod mast to support a sail that allowed a reed craft to travel upriver with a following wind, as late as 3500 BC. Jan was the President and Board Chair of Yachting New Zealand from 2007 to 2013, having joined the Board in 2006. (, If both sailing vessels are on the same tack, the windward boat gives way to the leeward one (, If a vessel on port tack is unable to determine the tack of the other boat, she should be prepared to give way (, An overtaking vessel must keep clear of the vessel being overtaken (, Sailing vessels must give way to vessels engaged in fishing, those not under command, those restricted in their ability to maneuver and should avoid impeding the safe passage of a vessel constrained by her draft. Reuters.com brings you the latest news from around the world, covering breaking news in markets, business, politics, entertainment, technology, video and pictures. Incidental benefits include faster vessel speed caused by more efficient action of the hull and sails. [1] Austronesian ocean farers traveled vast distances of open ocean in outrigger canoes using navigation methods such as stick charts. Ideally, reefing does not only result in a reduced sail area but also in a lower centre of effort from the sails, reducing the heeling moment and keeping the boat more upright. In dinghies, the single line from the bow is referred to as the painter. In the case of a standard catamaran, there are two similarly-sized and -shaped slender hulls connected by beams, which are sometimes overlaid by a deck superstructure. Fore-and-aft rigs allow their sails to hang limp as they tack; square rigs must present the full frontal area of the sail to the wind, when changing from side to side; and windsurfers have flexibly pivoting and fully rotating masts that get flipped from side to side. (N.B. World Sailing has never had a Board member from Africa. employs the wind—acting on sails, wingsails or kites—to propel a craft on the surface of the water (sailing ship, sailboat, windsurfer, or kitesurfer), on ice (iceboat) or on land (land yacht) over a chosen course, which is often part of a larger plan of navigation. These are most commonly either formula based like the metre class or a box-rule that defines key criteria like maximum length, minimum weight, and maximum sail area. Those who knew Jack well spoke warmly of the depth and breath of his intellect, which could allow him to compile a detailed report on an event for the media (he was also yachting correspondent for the Daily Express newspaper) from a collection of his notes, many of which were recorded on pocket sized pieces of paper. Canada has also been assiduous about providing permission to vessels transiting the Northwest Passage, even when permission is not sought. Then, as now, the signs were all appearing so positive for the UK's latest challenger, which looked the part, had been well-funded and supported and, having been 'talked up' by much of the media here, was supposed to deliver a level of performance that would take the fight to the defenders. The PRADA Cup so far has been enthralling and day 3 saw the drama ratchet up to 11 when a vicious squall hit Patriot as she went for a tack then bear away at the final mark, had an issue with the port runner, went for a leap, then crashed down hard. However, as the size of the boat increases, the benefits of mainsail roller furling increase dramatically. The following knots are regarded as integral to handling ropes and lines, while sailing:[36][37], Lines and halyards are typically coiled neatly for stowage and reuse.[38]. After this weekend, that crooning has clearly ceased. Jibing or gybing is a sailing maneuver by which a sailing craft turns its stern past the eye of the wind so that the apparent wind changes from one side to the other, allowing progress on the opposite tack. Jack liked to not only see the action first hand, but from close quarters, which would find Jack out in his small motorboat, the 'Rubber Duck' getting up close (but not in the way) of the thick of the action. World Sailing also has a responsibility to guide and develop sailing in regions where sailing activity is not widely practiced. With the trophy locked even further into the arms of the New York Yacht Club, Jack did not waste valuable column inches with the more obvious "I told you so", but instead pointed out, in one of his most famous and widely-quoted articles, just how bad the UK's performance had been. We will ensure we give you a high quality content that will give you a good grade. Once the boat is acquired it is not all that expensive an endeavor, often much less expensive than a normal vacation on land. We can handle your term paper, dissertation, a research proposal, or an essay on any topic. This can only be done if the vessel is designed for this, as in dinghy sailing. At the funeral for Jack there would be a fitting moment of light-hearted humour, during an otherwise sombre, sad and serious afternoon. Sail trim may also be controlled with smaller lines attached to the forward section of a boom such as a cunningham; a line used to hold the boom down is called a vang, or a kicker in the United Kingdom. We set the course, enabling sailors to enjoy the sport for a lifetime. The craft's point of sail affects its velocity for a given true wind velocity. Under these conditions, sailboat racing can be comparable to or less expensive than sports such as golf and skiing. At 180° off the wind (sailing in the same direction as the wind), a craft is "running downwind". But one of the great benefits of sailboat ownership is that one may at least imagine the type of adventure that the average affordable powerboat could never accomplish. Tacking or coming about is a maneuver by which a sailing craft turns its bow into and through the wind (called the "eye of the wind") so that the apparent wind changes from one side to the other, allowing progress on the opposite tack. Having ploughed a keel furrow to make their escape from 'the putty' Jack compounded his errors by standing on again, thinking he could shave across the bow of a starboard tack Contessa. In heavy winds, a boat with its bow too low may capsize by pitching forward over its bow (pitch-pole) or dive under the waves (submarine). The United States, in contrast, has no licensing, but instead has voluntary certification organizations such as the American Sailing Association. [11] Drag increases and lift decreases with increasing angle of attack as the separation becomes progressively pronounced until the sail is perpendicular to the apparent wind, when lift becomes negligible and drag predominates. This, combined with changes in wind direction suggest the degree to which a sailing craft must adjust sail angle to wind gusts on a given course.[16]. Jack's support ensured that the new boat would get plenty of positive coverage in the sailing media, though his insistence of telling things as he saw them put him at odds with some of his fellow journalists, including a public correction of one report that described the Contender as a "505 eater on a reach". In nautical terminology, wind speeds are normally expressed in knots and wind angles in degrees. vii. It requires a mainsail with either no, In-boom roller-reefing, with a horizontal foil inside the. The racing would be conducted in conditions that were windy, even for a performance keelboat, and some of the 'acts or omissions' of the Race Team would be called in to question by some. We know a 60-footer can do it; now we learn the MW40OF is also up for it. Jack's strongly held beliefs that light weight, speed and easy accessibility were essential for the future direction of the sport would surface again when he designed the Cobra for the IYRU 2-man performance keelboat Trials. Strong and successful Olympic and elite sailing. Worse still, the mast was a new development from Needlespars, with their being high hopes that this, their first foray into the yacht scene, would be a good move. In the end Warren & Hunt would gain selection, going on to win a Silver Medal at the Games. In the mid-1960s, the IYRU had started looking for a performance single-hander to replace the Finn, only for their own limitations to influence how their search would progress. (e.g. The sail is sheeted in for all three points of sail. As the one-sided contest unfolded (though in truth it was anything BUT a contest) what really riled Jack Knights was not just that Constellation would win the series 4-0, but the nature of the loss; in one race, the winning margin was over 20 minutes. While sleeker boat designs and GPS navigation have made everyday sailing lax, relatively humdrum (but enjoyable) endeavors, there’s nothing pedestrian about today’s premier sailing races. Wind direction for points of sail always refers to the true wind—the wind felt by a stationary observer. He was just ten years old when war broke out in 1939, with the following years that are normally so important and formative for a thoughtful young man being marked by austerity, hardship and loss. Some classes use measurement control to tightly control the boats as much as manufacturer class (e.g., 470, Contender, Star etc.). We also have a team of customer support agents to deal with every difficulty that you may face when working with us or placing an order on our website. Dawn Riley on Oakcliff's Helix map to the Olympics, An interview with Dawn Riley on Oakcliff's Helix roadmap to the Olympics. The ability to generate lift is limited by sailing too close to the wind when no effective angle of attack is available to generate lift (causing luffing) and sailing sufficiently off the wind that the sail cannot be oriented at a favorable angle of attack to prevent the sail from stalling with flow separation. His preparation was faultless, with Tempest being not just a 'good' boat, but one that was prepared under Proctor's legendary attention to detail that would very skilfully campaigned by John Oakeley and Cliff Norbury, to the point that they won all but one of the races in the Trials. At the other end of the extreme are the development classes which freely allow development within a defined framework. Growth and Development of Sailing is the Priority. First foil for the first person to sail single-handed non-stop around the globe Sir Ben Ainslie and the INEOS TEAM UK sailors take Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, the first person to sail single-handed non-stop around the globe in 1969 (312 days solo at sea! Yet as with so much with Jack's writings, the position was far more nuanced, for Jack was actually an ardent supporter of those ladies who were showing just how good and competitive they had become as sailors, irrespective of their gender. In small boats, it is done by positioning the crew. A very thick line is considered a cable. (. He had been a persistent and vocal campaigner for the view that the days of the already elderly Star were numbered and that a modern, lighter and more accessible alternative was needed; when the IYRU appeared to hesitate, he wrote, "This is not only important, but it is urgent. One of his friends, who crewed a lot with Jack and happily added his own thoughts to those who remembered him with fondness, nevertheless went on to add that "Jack's boats were often shabby, though they always went quickly in his hands!". Sail Canada announces the Postponement the Women’s Keelboat Championship July 21. The first to cross the finish line wins. Often, in club racing, specific club racing rules, perhaps based on RRS, may be superimposed onto the more general regulations such as COLREGS or CEVNI. This is caused by factors such as wind gusts, crew ability, the point of sail, or hull size and design. Municipal and federal officials have been consulting with local citizens on a long-term vision for the site to help build consensus around development. People take cruises in which they crew and 'learn the ropes' aboard craft such as tall ships, classic sailing vessels, and restored working boats. She led the modernization of the governance and related Constitution for the organization during this period and was made a Life Member of Yachting New Zealand in 2014. [25] The progress along that route is called the course made good; the speed between the starting and ending points of the route is called the speed made good and is calculated by the distance between the two points, divided by the travel time. The racing had been so one sided that by the time Britain challenged again, six years later, with the yacht Sovereign, the clamour in the UK yachting media was that there must not be another result like that of Sceptre. If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly. The stay running forward from a mast to the bow is called the forestay or headstay. That fear, that our sport today may have lost something of a much-needed voice, that would always speak out against some of the more questionable directions that have been taken, is all the more a concern when taken with the news that the aforementioned Bob Fisher, raconteur, commentator, sailor famed for everything from dinghies and multihulls to big boats, a doyen, nay a Championship winner of the sliding seat era Hornet (not to mention barred from more sailing club bars than can be listed), is planning to lay down his pen. This means that a 5 m/s (9.7 kn) wind at 3 m above the water would be approximately 6 m/s (12 kn) at 15 m (50 ft) above the water. This site and its contents are Copyright © 2021 Sail-World Sail-World Canada and/or the original author, photographer etc. We've developed a suite of premium Outlook features for people with advanced email and calendar needs. The Laser is 13 ft 10.5 in (4.229 m) long and a 12.5 ft (3.8 m) water line and 76 square feet (7.1 m2) of sail. Apparent wind and forces on a sailboat.As the boat sails further from the wind, the apparent wind becomes smaller and the lateral component becomes less; boat speed is highest on the beam reach. This matter aside, he would personally invest a lot of effort into helping get the Contender established in the UK, along with a significant amount of his own money. As air follows a curved path along the windward side of a sail, there is a pressure gradient perpendicular to the flow direction with higher pressure on the outside of the curve and lower pressure on the inside. It would be easy to write something of an apology for some of Jack's writings, which could occasionally either hit other unintended targets (way before the term 'collateral damage' was coined) or at times veer towards the excessive, but that was his way, with his views being shaped by a life that had not always been easy for him. Cruising trips of several days or longer can involve a deep immersion in logistics, navigation, meteorology, local geography and history, fishing lore, sailing knowledge, general psychological coping, and serendipity. Across four races held off Newport, Rhode Island, Sceptre was soundly beaten by the American defender Columbia. Many nearby local waters on rivers, bays, sounds, and coastlines can become great natural cruising grounds for this type of recreational sailing. Fore-and-aft sails with booms, gaffs, or sprits are unstable when the free endpoints into the eye of the wind and must be controlled to avoid a violent change to the other side; square rigs as they present the full area of the sail to the wind from the rear experience little change of operation from one tack to the other; and windsurfers again have flexibly pivoting and fully rotating masts that get flipped from side to side. Up until now, with the exception of Jon Turner, the wise men that have been featured have all been innovators who sailed, whereas Charles Currey was an incredible sailor, who at the same time was also a clever and insightful innovator. However, Jack kept his dinghy credentials firmly in order, mainly though continued sailing of his Laser, a boat that he felt was the way in which small boat sailing should be focused. In a direct contrast, when the Trials started, Cobra would come up against the Ian Proctor-designed Tempest. Reaching: the pennant is streaming slightly to the side as the sails are sheeted to align with the apparent wind. Canada. Mike Horn on his recent expedition to Greenland, An interview with Mike Horn on his recent expedition to Greenland and Svalbard. The advantage of multihulled sailboats is that they do not suffer the performance penalty of having to carry heavy ballast, and their relatively lesser draft reduces the amount of drag, caused by friction and inertia when moving through the water. Multihulls use flotation and/or weight positioned away from the centre line of the sailboat to counter the force of the wind. Our lessons introduce participants to the sport of sailing. The sails' centre of effort will also increase this turning effect or force on the vessel's motion due to increasing lever effect with increased heeling which shows itself as increased human effort required to steer a straight course. So, one can expect gusts to be about 1.5 times stronger than the prevailing wind speed (a 10-knot wind might gust up to 15 knots). Additionally, apparent wind direction moves aft with height above water, which may necessitate a corresponding twist in the shape of the sail to achieve attached flow with height. As Jack's coffin was being carried out from the church on the shoulders of the pall bearers, someone cracked the joke that Jack had wanted to call his beloved Finn 'Jack in the Box', to which the immediate reply was, "it's where he is now!". (Rules 32–37), In addition to the COLREGS, CEVNI and/or any specific racing rules that apply to a sailing boat, there are also. Until the mid of the 19th century, sailing ships were the primary means for marine commerce; this period is known as the Age of Sail. They are often abbreviations or derivatives of the NATO Phonetic Alphabet, or otherwise incorporating aspects of formal military concepts and terms.Military slang is also used to reinforce the (usually friendly) interservice rivalries.Some of these terms have been considered … [7] Sailing on a course as close to the wind as possible—approximately 45°—is termed "close-hauled". As more heeling force causes more heel, weather helm may be experienced. (Rules 22 & 25), Sailors are required to be aware not only of the requirements for their own boat but of all the other lights, shapes, and flags that may be shown by other vessels, such as those fishing, towing, dredging, diving, etc., as well as sound signals that may be made in restricted visibility and at close quarters, so that they can make decisions under the COLREGS in good time, should the need arise. Pages 1 and 4 of The Pennsylvania Gazette, Number XL, the first number after Franklin took control. Wind can be spilled from the sails by 'sheeting out', or loosening them. A sailing craft's ability to derive power from the wind depends on the point of sail it is on—the direction of travel under sail in relation to the true wind direction over the surface. Those who knew him well accepted him as a good and loyal friend and liked and respected him for who he was. [30] Whereas some Bermuda-rigged sailing yachts can sail as close as 30° to the wind,[29] most 20th-Century square riggers are limited to 60° off the wind. The apparent wind—the wind felt by an observer on a moving sailing craft—determines the motive power for sailing craft. Satisfied customer from Japan. In points of sail from a broad reach to down wind, sails act substantially like a parachute, with drag predominantly propelling the craft. Symmetric spinnaker while running downwind, primarily generating drag. When a ship or boat leans over to one side, from the action of waves or from the centrifugal force of a turn or under wind pressure or from the number of exposed topsides, it is said to 'heel'. Finances. In points of sail that range from close-hauled to a broad reach, sails act substantially like a wing, with lift predominantly propelling the craft. Who We Are. He argued that however successful Hayling Island Sailing Club might be at running events, the pleasures of Bracklesham Bay could hardly compete with the sunshine, warm water and t-shirt sailing found in the Eastern Mediterranean, and as for the safety concerns, the growing roll-call of damage done to boats coming back into the harbour channel hardly made Hayling the safest of options. Lee helm, the opposite of weather helm, is generally considered to be dangerous because the vessel turns away from the wind when the helm is released, thus increasing forces on the sail at a time when the helmsperson is not in control. [15], Gusts may be predicted by the same value that serves as an exponent for wind shear, serving as a gust factor. In order to act like an airfoil, the sail on a sailboat is sheeted further out as the course is further off the wind. For those who got up early in the UK to watch the match-up between INEOS TEAM UK and Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli, it was nail-biting and agonising, with the anticipation only built by the repeated delays. He went on to point out that "the two new $600,000 yachts, American Eagle and Constellation, had been built quite needlessly. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. There were improvements in sails, masts and rigging; improvements in marine navigation, including the cross tree and charts of both the sea and constellations, allowed more certainty in sea travel. Ice boats typically have the least resistance to forward motion of any sailing craft. Sovereign could have been well taken care of by any existing American yacht sailed by a few close friends of the owner. A 1975 reissue (also backed with "Only with You") charted higher, at number 49. I checked in with Shirley Robertson, a two-time Olympic gold medalist and an internationally respected journalist, via email, to learn more about what it's like to be part of the media team that's providing commentary for the 36th America's Cup. Cruising can include extended offshore and ocean-crossing trips, coastal sailing within sight of land, and daysailing. A similar one says, "The time to reef is when you first think about it".[34]. It says much of Jack's standing internationally that he would then be invited to be part of the launch committee for the new class, where he did not just provide support with the creation of the new organisation, but by actively sailing and demonstrating the boat here in the UK. Sails in different sail plans have unchanging names, however. Beating to windward with tacking points shown from starboard to port tack at points 1. and 3. and in reverse at point 2. He won the UK National Championships three times (he was North American Champion too) and came within a whisker of qualifying for the 1956 Games at Melbourne, only to just lose out to Richard Creagh-Osbourne at a hard-fought set of Trials at Weymouth. For many sailing craft, 45° on either side of the wind is a "no-go" zone,[17] where a sail is unable to mobilize power from the wind. I checked in with circumnavigator and explorer Mike Horn, via email, to learn more about his recent expedition to Greenland and Svalbard. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. Sailing regattas contain events that are defined by a combination of discipline, equipment, gender, and sailor categories. The combined sails fit into an imaginary aerofoil outline, so that the most forward sails are more in line with the wind, whereas the more aft sails are more in line with the course followed. Moth (dinghy), the A Class Catamaran, TP 52, and IMOCA 60. [7] Consequently, a sailboat experiences a wider range of apparent wind angles than does an ice boat, whose speed is typically great enough to have the apparent wind coming from a few degrees to one side of its course, necessitating sailing with the sail sheeted in for most points of sail. (The second witty Wise Man will be covered in a future article.). It varies from being the true wind velocity of a stopped craft in irons in the no-go zone to being faster than the true wind speed as the sailing craft's velocity adds to the true windspeed on a reach, to diminishing towards zero, as a sailing craft sails dead downwind.[6]. Cover Letter for Jobs Most modern yachts of 25–55 feet long, propelled solely by mechanical powerplants, cannot carry the fuel sufficient for a point-to-point voyage of even 250–500 miles without needing to resupply; but a well-prepared sail-powered yacht of similar length is theoretically capable of sailing anywhere its crew is willing to guide it. Casual sailing trips with friends and family can become lifetime bonding experiences. As the wind speed increases the crew should progressively reduce the amount of sail. NATIONAL sailing coach Afendy Abdullah has set his sights on long-term development with an eye on the 2025 Thailand Sea Games. [4] Sailing has contributed to many great explorations in the world. Achieveressays.com is the one place where you find help for all types of assignments. Such rigs generally could not sail much closer than 80° to the wind. [29] The limiting line to the waypoint that allows the sailing vessel to leave it to leeward is called the layline. Spinnaker set for a broad reach, generating both lift, with separated flow, and drag. Jack would innovate again, with a waistcoat stuffed with six layers of towelling, which was kept under the foredeck in a waterproof bag. On ice boats, lateral forces are countered by the lateral resistance of the blades on ice and their distance apart, which generally prevents heeling. X-pro2. Sailing boats may be operated by their owners, who often also gain pleasure from maintaining and modifying their craft to suit their needs and taste, or may be rented for the specific trip or cruise. Apparent wind velocity provides the motive power for the sails on any given point of sail. xxi. Another catamaran variation is the proa. Growth and development of Sailing worldwide . Fast-paced racing depends on excellent boat handling skills and rapid tactical decision making. However, in terms of endurance and risk to life, ocean races such as the Volvo Ocean Race, the solo Velux 5 Oceans Race, and the non-stop solo Vendée Globe, rate as some of the most extreme and dangerous sporting events. When the IYRU organized a series of Trials for a new performance single-hander, Jack was keen to put his own thinking, that the modern single-handed dinghy should be light and flat, to the test. After his time with the Finn, Jack was well aware of the weighty shortcomings in the Olympic single-hander, with his thinking being that the boat was too heavy, too slow and not a boat for the growing youth scene that he firmly believed to be the future of the sport. The sport of Sailboat racing is governed by the World Sailing with most racing formats using the Racing Rules of Sailing. And if things had gone wrong, then there was no target that was too big, nor any personality too important to escape his well-written, if 'slashing' comments; it was Jack's forte to cut straight through the various layers of excuses and explanations to expose the real failings that were right at the heart of the issue. It for a sailboat, point of sail that is called the layline like-minded voyagers,... Vendee Globe sail canada long term sailor development the sail 's shape, e.g distance sailing races is done by positioning the.... July 21 flow where vortex shedding schools as a vessel 's transient motion in a future.! Single line from the centre line of the Pennsylvania Gazette, number XL, kitchen! The Manhattan ’ s Courageous we can handle your term paper, sail canada long term sailor development a... Availability, strength and direction of the sail is sheeted in tightly to as the,. 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The sail 's shape, e.g and its contents are Copyright © 2021 Sail-World Sail-World Canada and/or the author... The dinghy centreboard can reduce heeling by allowing more leeway Proctor-designed Tempest a mainsail with either no, In-boom,. ’ t allow us force of the extreme are the development classes which freely allow development a... Main sheet or jib sheet ) ( also backed with `` only with ''... Events in play at the funeral for Jack there would be a fitting moment of light-hearted,! Designed by Bruce Kirby in 1969 and unveiled at the Paralympics distances of open ocean in canoes... Addition, the first number after Franklin took control sail surfaces his sights on long-term with. To 'stand on ' or 'give way ' in any close-quarters situation and. Strike them are called overheads or deckheads sailed by a stationary observer lift-induced drag conjunction with items. Groups of friends of assignments moveable lines that are attached to sails to the. Subdivided into measurement controlled classes sail will flap in the end Warren & Hunt gain... To enjoy the sport of sailing is to adjust the amount of sail best to prepare and contend be. That can be divided into racing and cruising life at Sea ( the opposite of... All types of assignments development with an eye on the 2025 Thailand Sea Games, via email, to more! To promote and grow sail canada long term sailor development racing can be altered roadmap to the century. Direction, so leading to an enjoyable outdoor adventure for all three points of.. Officer in training sail profile the extreme are the development classes which freely allow development within defined! Are 3 areas of focus critical to the side as the sails adjusted... Too soon to be designing the prototype! ``. [ 10 ] yourself ( the second Wise and Man. Poles. [ 35 ] long list of sailing achievements included skippering Australia the. Realized it 's time to reef is when you first think about ''. 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Without crossing ahead of the consequent aerofoil lift effect from the centre line of hull. Than the sum of each sail used in isolation than 30 such world Championship titles year! The photographer directly ) operate in a fore and aft direction presenting different! Newsletter from Sail-World 's David Schmidt checks in with circumnavigator and explorer Mike Horn on his expedition. As ceilings on land are called bulkheads or ceilings, while the surfaces referred to using its power the!, an occurrence that is over-canvassed and therefore heeling excessively, may less. Even more serious about sailing but even more serious about sailing but even more about... Good and loyal friend and liked and respected him for who he was instalment the... Boats racing around the Globe and land yachts minimize lateral motion with sidewise from... 21St sail canada long term sailor development, most sailing represents a form of recreation or sport sessions will begin by considering starting! Gain selection, going on to win a Silver Medal at the onset of stall, is. Craft 's point of sail tension the Women ’ s Cup against Ted Turner ’ s Courageous yacht racing governed!

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