Wilhelm Wundt: Wilhelm Wundt is commonly called the "father of experimental psychology, and was … This theory conversely also believes that behavior affects the brain. Since that time, various schools of psychology have dominated the scene at different points in time, from structuralism and functionalism, to Freud’s psychodynamic theory, behaviorism, humanism, and the cognitive revolution. The central nervous system refers to the brain and spinal cord. Unit 11 – PersonalityDefinition and concept of personality; Theories of personality (psychoanalytical, sociocultural, interpersonal, developmental, humanistic, behaviouristic, trait and type approaches); Measurement of personality (projective tests, pencil-paper test); The Indian approach to personality; Training for personality development; Latest approaches like big 5 factor theory; The notion of self in different traditions. Humanistic psychology developed as a response to psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Unit 14 – Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary PsychologyComputer application in the psychological laboratory and psychological testing; Artificial intelligence ; Psychocybernetics; Study of consciousness – sleep – wake schedules; dreams, stimulus deprivation, meditation, hypnotic/drug induced states; Extrasensory perception; Intersensory perception Simulation studies. Unit 2 - Methods of PsychologyTypes of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; … This is where information is carried from the brain and down the spinal cord and into muscles in the back. with that in mind we can say … It then studies the way it affects that person’s life. The word “psychology” comes from two specific Greek words—psyche, which means “soul,” “life,” or “mind,” and logia, which means “the study of.” Simply put, psychology is the study of the mind. In about 150 years, Psychology has developed from being nonexistent to what it is today, and it will only continue to develop in the future. It also refers to the application of the knowledge, which can be used to understand events, treat mental health issues, and improve … The Automatic nervous system is responsible for life processes. The two main roots of psychology are philosophy and science. Start studying Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology Chapter 1 Questions. Who were the important people in those early fields? Humanism deals with a person’s free will. However, it is also true that people share certain common characteristics. Over the years, psychology has grown a better understanding of both the physical and emotional reactions of the body. Functionalism is based on the theory that the best way to learn about why people do the things they do is to understand the way that their brain uses and processes information. For instance, the brain may tell someone to try using drugs to make them feel better. Similarly the impact of over-secretion or under-secretion of different kinds of hormones in governing behaviour is studied. It demonstrates how ideas and practices from Vedic, Sufi, Buddhist and Yogic traditions can be used to tackle issues in contemporary psychology. Spear, Laura. Unit 12 – Attitudes, Values and InterestsDefinition of attitudes, values and interests; Components of attitudes; Formation and maintenance of attitudes; Measurement of attitudes, values and interests; Theories of attitude change; Strategies for fostering values; Formation of stereotypes and prejudices; Changing others behaviour; Theories of attribution; Recent trends. Unit 13 – Language and CommunicationHuman language – Properties, structure and linguistic hierarchy, Language acquisition-predisposition, critical period hypothesis; Theories of language development – Skinner and Chomsky; Process and types of communication – effective communication training. Change ), Paper 2 – Psychology Issues and Applications. Unit 9 – Motivation and EmotionPsychological and physiological basis of motivation and emotion; Measurement of motivation and emotion; Effects of motivation and emotion on behaviour; Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation; Factors influencing intrinsic motivation; Emotional competence and the related issues. Humanistic psychology instead focused on individual free will, personal growth and the concept of self-actualizati… Conversely, the nervous system carries messages to the brain through neurons. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. They both study thoughts of both the conscious and the unconscious mind. Unit 1 – IntroductionDefinition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems. It is a “coherent group of propositions formulated to explain a group of facts or phenomena in the natural world and repeatedly confirmed through experiment or observation” (Dictionary.com, n.d.). Structuralism research includes not only physical and environmental events, but also emotional and mental events. At the same time, trying those drugs will affect that person’s brain. Psychology study how human develop cognitively; Piaget theory, attitudinally, emotionally, socially,etc. This includes sympathetic and parasympathetic processes. They may range from experiences of dream, conscious experiences at different stages of life and experiences when the consciousness is altered through meditation or use of psychedelic drugs. Psychology is the study of the mind, how it works, and how it might affect behavior. Many other issues still debated by psychologists today, such as the relative contributions of nature vs. nurture , are rooted in these early philosophical traditions. Structuralism performs research from verbal accounts of a situation. ( Log Out /  These structures contribute to the formation of personality. ( Log Out /  The overarching goal of psychology is to understand the behavior, mental functions, and emotional processes of human beings. The behavioral theory believes that human behavior is shaped by environment. Apply the principles of psychology in personal and professional contexts to develop a better knowledge and understanding of other people; 3. In the mid-1800’s, testing and research was not as easy to do, partially because of technology, and partially because Psychology was still a new practice. Sympathetic process is often referred to as the “fight or flight” response, while Parasympathetic is referred to as “rest and response.”. Video created by Yale University for the course "Introduction to Psychology ". In this module, you will learn about foundational psychological theories and findings in psychology. This would be a psychological trigger, not a physiological trigger. Unit 10 – Intelligence and AptitudeConcept of intelligence and aptitude, Nature and theories of intelligence – Spearman, Thurstone, Gullford Vernon, Sternberg and J.P; Das; Emotional Intelligence, Social intelligence, measurement of intelligence and aptitudes, concept of IQ, deviation IQ, constancy of IQ; Measurement of multiple intelligence; Fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. Psychology study human as independent entity, how he perceive information, how he transform from unknown to known, how he develop from neonite to adulhood, how a child acquire skills knowledge, ideas, values, norms etc. Foundations of Psychology. Video created by Yale University for the course "Introduction to Psychology ". During the 17th-century, the French philosopher Rene Descartes introduced the idea of dualism, which asserted that the mind and body were two entities that interact to form the human experience. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. (n.d.). Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Psychology has never been nor will it ever be a static field of study. What Are the Biological Foundations of Behavior? This method of research identifies and analyzes the most basic elements of the situation that the subject has experienced. In this module, you will learn about foundational psychological theories and findings in psychology. This paper is 2 hours long and is worth 90 marks. ( Log Out /  Unit 6 – LearningConcept and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestaltalist and Information processing models); The Processes of extinction, discrimination and generalization; Programmed learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts; Types and the schedules of reinforcement, escape, avoidance and punishment, modeling and social learning. In addition to these theories, there is also another branch of Psychology. References. The study of Psychology has since grown, as has the understanding of the human brain and how it works. This would be a physiological trigger. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In the sciences, a theory is more than a simple guess. In the case of Psychology, the source is the brain. The primary biological foundations of psychology linked to behavior are the psychodynamic, behaviorist, cognitive, and evolutionary perspectives. Foundations of Psychology Psychology Secondary Course Notes 10 PSYCHOLOGY SECONDARY COURSE Methods of Psychology different parts of brain in regulating feelings, memories, emotions and other aspects of behaviour. This theory is often referenced with alcoholism or domestic abuse. zygote- fertilized egg embryo- major organ systems begin to take shape fetus- organ systems grow and specialize Structuralism is the belief that every thought or perception can be broken down … Operant conditioning regards shaping of an individual’s future acts based on past and current rewards and punishments. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Both of these responses can have a number of triggers, including psychological and physiological. Until the mid-1900s at many colleges, By implication, it emphasizes the need to recognize diversity among learners. Psychology was founded in the mid-1800’s with only two basic ideas: Functionalism and Structuralism. ( Log Out /  Psychology was not yet widely known or accepted in the medical community or in the general public. http://socyberty.com/psychology/foundations-of-psychology/. Written by Sarah Harding 14 August, 2017 There are four major forms of therapy in the field of psychology 1. Psychologists are now able to understand their patients better than ever before.… The Peripheral nervous system controls motor movements and voluntary processes, while the Endocrine is responsible for glandular function and hormones. Conceptual Foundations of Qualitative Psychology 7 Smith-2e-3625-Ch-02.qxd 9/26/2007 8:05 PM Page 7 The basic description of awareness and self was a valuable advance. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Key concepts discussed include teachers’ attitudes and behavior, different types of learning, technology in education, forgetting and extinction, child development, and intelligence measurements. What are Mental Health Theories? PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS By providing a basis for understanding the teaching/learning process, educational psychology deals with how people learn. Retrieved September 18, 2009, from http://socyberty.com/psychology/foundations-of-psychology/. This theory is sometimes confused with the Physiological theory. Personality. - Foundations: This Is Your Brain Overview. BEHAVIORISM & COGNITIVISM Behaviorism and Cognitivism are two movements in psychology that have significant implications for viewing learning and education. Psychology was founded in the mid-1800’s with only two basic ideas: Functionalism and Structuralism. Socyberty. There are now many major schools of thought in Psychology. Psychologists will grow an even better understanding as research continues. Psychology has now grown from two theories to countless theories. The Psychoanalytical and Clinical theories are both theories that are constantly changing and adapting based on new information and also based on the individual patient. This brings on the theory of Humanism. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Module One: Scientific Foundations of Psychology Definition of psychology- The scientific study of our thoughts, actions, and emotion History of psychology What is the difference between structuralism and functionalism? Burger, J. M. (2011). 1. This lecture introduces students to two broad theories of how the mind relates to the body. The study of Psychology has since grown, as has the understanding of the human brain and how it works. Biological Psychology studies the brain itself. A rape victim may have a sympathetic reaction to facing her attacker in court, but may have a parasympathetic reaction to seeing the guilty verdict read in that same court room. It believes that thoughts and perceptions directly affect a person’s problem solving strategies. Rationale These theories seem to be complimented by other theories in their practice. The first school of thought, structuralism, was advocated by the founder of the first psychology lab, Wilhelm Wundt. Another theory that is altered by emotions and feelings is the Cognitive theory. Over time, with new technology and new research came new theories. You may not know it, but psy-chology arose as a branch of philosophy. Unit 2 – Methods of PsychologyTypes of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; Methods of Research: Survey, observation, case-study and experiments; Characteristics of experimental design and non-experimental design, Quasi-experimental designs; Focussed group discussions, brain storming, grounded theory approach. The Behavioral Neuroscience Approach in Psychology advocates that behavior can best be explained by studying about its biological counterpart. Psychology is the study of people's behavior, performance, and mental operations. Unit 4 – Development of Human BehaviourGrowth and development; Principles of development, Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour; Influence of cultural factors in socialization; Life span development – Characteristics, development tasks, promoting psychological well-being across major stages of the life span. This brings Biological Psychology back full circle to the major theories of psychology. Coon, D., & Mitterer, J. O. This theory would mean that behavior is very unpredictable, because behavior would change as feelings changed, which could prove to be a minute to minute change. Book description Foundations of Indian Psychology Volume 1: Concepts and Theories goes beyond merely tracing the history of Indian thought. Foundations of Personality: On the basis of various definitions it can be said that personality is founded on certain structures. This is the first Level, and successful completion of the same makes the participant eligible to attend the second Level – Vedic Conceptual Foundations of Psychology. This person will make decisions based on what they believe will be best accepted by their community. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. What are the biological foundations of psychology? Ethics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with morality—what it means to behave morally and how people can achieve that goal.It can also refer to a set of principles and practices that provide moral guidance in a particular field. These include psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic and … The weekend psychology MA: The foundations of behaviour change taught by world-leading academics ... - this two-part masterclass will ultimately give you the tools and confidence to … Behavioral psychology is based on two theoretical foundations, which are classical, and operant conditioning. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Also covered are the assessment of educational achievement, the social psychology of the classroom, and education in urban schools. ( Log Out /  Many people think that both alcoholism and domestic abuse can be directly related to the environment that the offender was exposed to as a child. There is an ethics of business, medicine, teaching, and of course, scientific research. Biological Psychology studies the nervous system and the way it effects the brain. Unit 7 – MemoryEncoding and remembering; Short term memory, Long term memory, Sensory memory, Iconic memory, Echoic memory: The Multistore model, levels of processing; Organization and Mnemonic techniques to improve memory; Theories of forgetting: decay, interference and retrieval failure: Metamemory; Amnesia: Anterograde and retrograde. What Is Psychology? It is made up of 5 sections: A: Social Psychology B: Cognitive Psychology C: Biological Psychology D: Learning Theories E: Issues & … Psychology has now grown from two theories to countless theories. ( Log Out /  Describe and identify the major fields of psychology and understand the core concepts and theoretical approaches relevant to each of these; 2. Psychologists are now able to understand their patients better than ever before. Philosophers like Aristotle, René Descartes, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz, and John Locke, dis-cussed the mind and its relationship to the body. The study of such experiences helps the psychologist to understand the personal world of … The Cognitive theory studies thoughts and perceptions. Unit 5 – Sensation, Attention and PerceptionSensation: concepts of threshold, absolute and difference thresholds, signal-detection and vigilance; Factors influencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus; Definition and concept of perception, biological factors in perception; Perceptual organization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defence-factors influencing space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptual readiness; The plasticity of perception; Extrasensory perception; Culture and perception, Subliminal perception. There are many factors that affect the brain and nervous system. ( Log Out /  Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Behaviorism is the study of behavior for the purpose of identifying its determinants. “Psychology is a science of behavior and mental functioning that uses both quantitative and qualitative research studies to develop and test hypotheses and put forward theories and models that explain human behavior” (Spear, n.d. para. ( Log Out /  Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. However, that same rape victim may walk past the original location of her attack and have a sympathetic resaction, even though she knows her attacker is in prison and cannot hurt her at that moment. Even now, there are new theories being written, new topics being studied and new ideas yet to be explored. These are (i), Physiological structure of the organism, (ii) Psychic structure of the organism and (iii) Social and cultural structure. Unit 8 – Thinking and Problem SolvingPiaget’s theory of cognitive development; Concept formation processes; Information processing, Reasoning and problem solving, Facilitating and hindering factors in problem solving, Methods of problem solving: Creative thinking and fostering creativity; Factors influencing decision making and judgment; Recent trends. Unit 3 – Research MethodsMajor steps in Psychological research (problem statement, hypothesis formulation, research designs, sampling, tools of data collection, analysis and interpretation and report writing) Fundamental versus applied research; Methods of data collect ion ( interview, observat ion, quest ionnaire); Research designs (ex-post facto and experimental); Application of statistical technique (t – test, two way ANOVA correlation, regression and factor analysis); Item response theory. The course has been designed for psychology faculty and professionals, and all those who wish to understand human behaviour from the Vedic angle. The Humanistic approach believes that a person’s behavior relies on their feelings and perceptions. Unit 1 - IntroductionDefinition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems. The Physiological theory is based on research to learn how the brain affects behavior. Psychology has changed quite a bit since the beginning theories of Functionalism and Structuralism. According to this perspective, behavior is simply an expression of what goes on inside the body. 1). Functionalism assumes the best learning comes from understanding the source that the learning is coming from. 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